This section of the site is pretty much permanently in development.
The whole new KS3/KS4 curriculum is listed, but some topic pages are not live or have few links. Keep checking back for more updates! 

Number
Properties and Calculations
Place Value and Ordering
Fractions, Decimals and Percentages
Fraction Calculations
Number: Properties and Calculations
Place Value anD Ordering
Multiply and Divide by 10, 100, 1000
Understand and use place value for decimals, measures and integers of any size (KS3) Stop teaching thousands (Michael Tidd) "This will seem silly at first. Of course we need to teach thousands. But I’m coming to the conclusion that we tackle it in the wrong way in some ways. We expect children to work with increasingly large numbers as they go through primary education, and so once they seem to have grasped hundreds, it seems to make sense to move them onto thousands." Printable place value board and digits (Great Maths Teaching Ideas) Pupils can physically move the digits as they complete multiplication and division problems. Place value interactive (Primary National Strategies) Display on whiteboard for wholeclass teaching, or use with small groups/individuals at a computer to support independent work. Conveyor belt interactive (Top Marks) Interactive aimed at primary, but has great visualisation of zeros "falling off" the end of the conveyor belt when not needed any more. Springboard Unit 2 (via LGfL) See pg 810 for multiplying and dividing by 10, 100, 1000. Basic practice worksheets (Maths Drills) Standard drill problems with answers. Worksheet collection (greatschools.org) Master the basics (C. Norledge) Standard mixed problems, including extension to simple powers of 10. Workout (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Miniwhiteboards activity (EMaths) Collection of questions for use with miniwhiteboards or hotseat questioning. Four numbers (C Norledge) Simple starter activity with links to place value (not specifically multiplying and dividing by powers of 10). Always add a zero (C Norledge) Quick task asking pupils to explain why the rule "always add a zero" doesn't work  generates some interesting discussions! Place value video (BBC Skillswise) Oneminute video with reallife examples of place value. History of the metric system (C Norledge) Presentation explaining the history of the metric system  leads into the NASA/Lockhead clip mentioned below. The metric system  Eddie Izzard (YouTube) Comedian Eddie Izzard talks about America's attitude to adopting the metric system. NASA  Measuring failure (YouTube) A short clip explaining what happened to the Mars Climate Orbiter, and why it's important to use the same units (metric and Imperial systems). Who Wants to be a Millionaire? (Great Maths Teaching Ideas) PowerPoint version; nice plenary or revision activity. Catchphrase (Laura ReesHughes via TES) PowerPoint version; engaging resource. Bingo (Top Marks) Customisable levels of difficulty, pupils choose five numbers from a list of ten. Notes (BBC Skillswise) Explanation of multiplication and division by 10, 100, 1000. Useful to stick into exercise books as a reminder. Standard Form
Interpret and compare numbers in standard form (KS3) Calculate with numbers in standard form (KS4) Worksheet generator (MathsBot) Quick basic generator for converting to and from standard form and four operations with standard form. Includes option to add additional topics for a revision worksheet. CIMT resources (Link) MEP Practice Book with exercises and examples on standard form (pg13 onwards). Worksheet generator from worksheetmath.com
Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice.
Standard form selfmarking exercise (Transum) Question generator with nine levels of difficulty. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification). Standard form activity (eugenesmith via TES) Quick activity on all types of standard form problems; suitable for revision. Universcale interactive (Nikon) Beautiful interactive presentation exploring the actual size of very large and very small numbers. Reallife standard form conversion (abcdwpresents via TES) 26 beautifully presented reallife standard form problems with lots of scope for different classroom activities. Standards Unit N4 (via Craig Barton) Estimating length using standard form  a rich cardsort activity with lots of reallife links. Solar system activity (tj2807 via TES) This GCSE activity gets pupils to use standard form (multiplying, dividing, converting from ordinary numbers) to find the mass and distance from the sun of each of the planets in our solar system. Which is bigger? (C. Norledge) Use the four operations with standard form to work out which of four numbers is larger. Multiplying and dividing standard form loop (Alison Banks via TES) Practice multiplication and division with reallife standard form examples. Ordering and Inequality Notation
Order positive & negative integers, use the number line as a model for ordering of the real numbers (KS3) Use the symbols =, ≠, <, >, ≤, ≥ (KS3) Resources coming soon! Rounding and Estimation
Rounding to Integers and Decimal Places
Round numbers and measures to an appropriate degree of accuracy, such as a number of decimal places or significant figures (KS3)
Teaching Rounding (The Storeroom) A few tips and ideas to get pupils to master basic rounding skills. Standards Unit N3 Rounding Numbers (via Craig Barton) This lesson focuses on rounding to 10, 100 and 1000 but could easily be adapted to decimal places. Codebreaker (MathsPad) Codebreaking worksheet with a mixture of one and two decimal places. Worksheet generator (MathAids) Basic generator allowing selection of tenths, hundredths or thousandths. Mad Maths Minutes (Snappy Maths) Quick basic practice sheets to be done as timed challenge. Worksheets from greatschools.org Sheet one: Rounding decimals to nearest whole. Sheet two: Rounding to nearest tenth. Master the Basics (The Storeroom) Standard questions for basic practice; can be used as a recap starter, main activity or assessment: Rounding numbers interactive (Flash Maths) Flash question generator; great as a starter or revision resource with miniwhiteboards or hotseat questioning. Starter of the Day (Transum) Quick problems for display on whiteboard.
Round the Dice Decimals 1 (Link) Little investigation practising rounding one decimal place to the nearest whole. Requires two dice per pair/group. Question Trade (Teach It Maths) Each pupil has a card with a question on; they pair up, answer each other's question, then trade cards, with the objective of collecting as many answers as possible. This QT focuses on rounding to two decimal places. Rounding to Significant Figures
Round numbers and measures to an appropriate degree of accuracy, such as a number of decimal places or significant figures (KS3)
Teaching Rounding (The Storeroom) A few tips and ideas to get pupils to master basic rounding skills. Worksheet generators (MathAids) Basic generator; check out the addition/subtraction and multiplication/division worksheets, which require pupils to calculate with decimals before rounding their answer. Workout (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Round up to five significant figures. Estimation and Approximation
Use approximation through rounding to estimate answers (KS3)
Calculate possible resulting errors expressed using inequality notation (KS3) Apply and interpret limits of accuracy when rounding or truncating (KS4) GCSE 91 New Content  Error Intervals (Just Maths) From an excellent series of blogs on new GCSE content, this one picks apart the meaning of the objective about limits of accuracy, rounding and truncation. CIMT Y9B Ch14 Estimation and Approximation (Link) Nice consolidation work on rounding to decimal places and significant figures, leading into practice on estimation skills. Also includes an introduction to bounds and error propagation. OCR Topic Checkin (Link) Ten examstyle questions on approximation and estimation. Suggestions for use available from OCR here. Approximation Worksheet (nottcl via TES) Simple worksheet with contextbased problems. Rounding and Estimating  Who Dunnit? (JustMaths) Excellent murder mystery; includes some standard form in the last section. Counting Crowds (TwigWorld via YouTube) Estimating the number of people watching Barack Obama's inauguration. Transum:
Lower and Upper Bounds (H)
Apply and interpret limits of accuracy when rounding or truncating, including upper and lower bounds (KS4 Higher only)
Resources coming soon! Four Operations
Written mULTIPLICATION mETHODS
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to integers (KS3)
Multiplication madness (Part 1 / Part 2 from The Storeroom) My thoughts on the eternal methods debate  grid, lattice or long multiplication? Chinese multiplication (Craig Barton) An argument against Chinese/lattice/Napier's rods. Multiplication methods (Stephen Cavadino) Speedtesting the different methods of multiplication. Moving from a grid to a column method (NCETM) An excellent video using classroom work to show how to structure a move from grid multiplication to the column multiplication algorithm. Written multiplication basics worksheet (C Norledge) Worked examples of four methods for multiplication with questions for pupils to try. Times tables practice (Maths Salamander) Generates timestable questions with options to select particular tables or groups of tables; great for timed practice. Written method worksheets (MathsBlog.co.uk) A huge stack of worksheets with many different levels of problem; targeted at primary curriculum but very useful for work with early secondary as well. Worksheets from greatschools.org
Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Amoeba multiplication game (BBC Skillswise) Based on the grid method for multiplication, with three levels of difficulty. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link / Answers) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification); covers both multiplication and division of whole numbers. Multiplication video (BBC Skillswise) Oneminute video with reallife examples of multiplication. Method in multiplying madness? (NRich) A lovely activity looking at different methods of multiplying whole numbers, including grid, traditional column, Chinese/Gelosia and multiplying with lines. Brilliant for revising multiplication with higher ability, with lots of room for discussion. Long multiplication (NRich) A tricky problemsolving activity, suitable as an extension task for those students who have mastered the traditional long multiplication method. Noncalculator multiplication practice (Don Steward) See the last slide for a great problemsolving puzzle. Max prod (Don Steward) Investigate the largest products that can be made using long multiplication. Short Division
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to integers (KS3)
Dare to share fairly interactive (Maths Playground) Excellent interactive for division using 100, 10 and unit blocks. Division by single digit with and without remainder (MathSphere) Sample worksheets on simple short division; aimed at KS2 but applicable for supporting lower KS3 too. Worksheet collection (Maths Drills and Teaching Image) Huge selections of customisable worksheets. Worksheet collection (greatschools.org)  dealing with remainders Sheet one: Twodigit division using fraction remainders Sheet two: Threedigit division using fraction remainders. Sheet three: Dividing threedigit by twodigit with fraction remainders. Master the basics (C. Norledge) Standard questions for basic practice; can be used as a recap starter, main activity or assessment. Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Starter of the day (Transum) Quick problems for display on whiteboard.
Are you a mathmagician? (Oswego) Pupils answer questions against the clock; use with whole class with miniwhiteboards or as independent work with a computer. Sum sense: Division (Oswego) Drag and drop numbers to make a correct division calculation. Division bingo (BGfL) Interactive division game to practise basic division facts. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link / Answers) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification); covers both multiplication and division of whole numbers. Don Steward: BBC Skillswise:
Operations with Negative Numbers
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to negative integers and decimals (KS3)
How we teach addition and subtraction of negative numbers (Bruno Reddy) An interesting discussion about teaching strategies for negative numbers. Why is a negative times a negative a positive? (Dr Math) Lots of ideas for explaining to pupils why a negative multiplied by a negative gives a positive result. Numberline ITP (Primary National Strategies) Interactive number line, excellent for supporting all work on addition, subtraction and ordering negative numbers. Negative Numbers (NRich) A look at the history of negative numbers and resistance to them. Interesting reading, and perhaps explains why pupils have difficulty visualising and working with negatives as quantities. BIDMAS Crossnumber puzzle (Teachit Maths) A nice little puzzle combining work on order of operations and negative numbers. Directed number gaps (Don Steward) Fill in the calculations with directed numbers. Basic practice with a difference! Worksheet collection (Maths Drills) Huge selection of customisable worksheets. Basic practice worksheets (Worksheet Math) Excellent worksheet generator with options to select numerical, algebraic or a mixture of problems, and automatic answer generation: Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Starter of the Day (Transum) Quick problems for display on whiteboard.
Negative numbers interactive (Flash Maths) Flash question generator for adding and subtracting directed numbers; great as a starter or revision resource with miniwhiteboards or hotseat questioning. Connect Three (NRich) Paired game to practise adding and subtracting with negative numbers. Negative numbers boxes game (Labrown20 via TES) I absolutely love this resource  I've got a set laminated in my classroom so pupils can play with whiteboard markers. Adds a nice competitive element to practising adding and subtracting directed numbers. Don Steward:
Negative numbers codebreaker with a twist! (@MathedUp via Twitter) Great activity to practise adding negative numbers  extend as far as needed. BBC Skillswise
Number Line Foldable (via Resourceaholic) Print a foldable number line to stick in the back of exercise books, so pupils can refer to it as they need it. Math Vegas (HannahJoy21 via TES) Wholeclass competition (played in teams)  a brilliant way to finish off a topic on negative numbers. Integer Song 2 (arithmecode via YouTube) Silly song about good guys and bad guys; not recommended for first teaching or understanding, but great for emergency work with Year 11. Order of Operations and Inverse Operations
Use conventional notation for the priority of operations, including brackets, powers, roots & reciprocals
Recognise and use relationships between operations including inverse operations (KS3) Standards N5: Understanding the laws of arithmetic (via Craig Barton) Excellent card sort linking order of operations and shape representations; great for laying the groundwork for similar work using algebra. BODMAS Cities (Andy Lutwyche via TES) Codebreaking activity with names of five international cities; more interesting than straight practice problems with a good mix of power and bracket calculations as well. Addition, multiplication and division (greatschools.org) Simple worksheet useful for introducing inverse operations. Master the Basics (The Storeroom) Standard questions for basic practice; can be used as a recap starter, main activity or assessment. Maths Target (Flash Maths) Countdowntype starter activity  pupils use four numbers to reach a target. Order of operations workout (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification) Sixes (The Storeroom) Use four sixes and any mathematical operations to make the numbers from 1 to 10. Transum (Starter of the Day)
Broken Calculator Flash application (Suffolk Maths) Pupils work out how to input calculations into a broken calculator using BIDMAS. The file is a direct download and can be run without Internet connection. Make 100 (NRich) Use operation signs in between the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 to make an answer of 100. Pupils could try and find more than one solution. There's a poster version available which may be useful to display on an interactive board. Bonfire Night BIDMAS (The Storeroom) Use the digits in the date 5/11/1605 and mathematical operations to make as many integers from 0 to 40 as possible. This works nicely as a wholeclass activity. Order of operations Tarsia (Craig Barton via TES) Standard Tarsia puzzle with a nice mixture of BIDMAS problems. BIDMAS Murder Mystery (CPerkins92 via TES) Murder mystery using Britain's Got Talent judges as suspects; great for a summary or bit of revision. Factors, Multiples and Primes
Factors, Multiples and Primes
Use the concepts and vocabulary of prime numbers, factors (or divisors), multiples, common factors and common multiples (KS3)
Primitives (Ptolemy) A beautiful visualisation of factors; although more focused towards prime factor decomposition, it may be appropriate to show this to students or ask them to draw similar factor diagrams. Sieve of Erastothenes gif (Wikimedia Commons) Useful if you don't have time to complete a Sieve with pupils. Finding factors (Super Teacher Worksheets) Decent basic worksheet for finding factors. Worksheet generators (WorksheetMath) Basic practice sheets for factors, multiples, primes, common factors and common multiples. Worksheet collection (greatschools.org)
Factors and multiples  Master the Basics (C Norledge) Mixed practice with simple factor and multiple problems. Find the common factors  Multiple choice starter (C Norledge) Can be done with miniwhiteboard or ABCD cards; pupils pick the common factor(s) of given numbers. Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Factors starter (Ben Cooper via TES) Quick multiplechoice activity for use as starter/plenary, good with miniwhiteboards. Factor frenzy (Teach It Maths) Compete to fill a grid with factors; play in small groups. Requires dice. Gozinto (Craig Barton) Dice game working with multiples; a lovely way to fill a few minutes. Requires counters and dice. Factors and multiples game (NRich) Paired game, great activity for consolidation of factors and multiples. Premade instructions and game boards are available from Access Maths. Factor pairs revision game (matematiko via TES) A fantastically rich revision activity based on factors, but including a lot of other areas of mathematics. Brilliant for a general revision lesson. Divisible by 8 (The Storeroom) Look for patterns in multiples of 8. Starter of the Day (Transum)
Find the factors (Link) More puzzles than you will ever need, but these are superb little starters for getting pupils to practise finding factors or times table knowledge. Don Steward
Numbertype cards (Churchill Maths) Problemsolving activity, great for practising factors, multiples, primes and other number properties. Prison investigation (Suffolk Maths) Worksheetbased version of the prison investigation, reinforcing idea that square numbers have an odd number of factors. Factors and multiples puzzle (NRich) Use logic and reasoning to arrange statements and numbers. Requires a board and cards per pair. Divisibility testing (The Storeroom) Extend work on factors and multiples by looking at divisibility tests for 2, 5, 10, 100, 3 and 9. Counting cogs (NRich) Working with factors, multiples and common factors to solve problems involving meshing cogs. Could be a good way in to exploring common factors. Drag and drop Venn diagrams (Flash Maths) Question generator using factors, multiples, primes, squares, cubes etc. Factors, multiples and primes interactive (MathsPad) A selection of interactive whiteboard activities, including a Venn diagram puzzle, a grid puzzle and some work on prime numbers. Prime match (Edutopia) Card sort activity using primes, composites, factors and multiples. Product of Primes, HCF and LCM
Use the concepts and vocabulary of highest common factor, lowest common multiple and prime factorisation, including using product notation and the unique factorisation property (KS3)
Factor Trees (Don Steward) Some great worksheets/templates for introducing factor trees for finding product of prime factors. Tricks and Tips: HCF and LCM (Jo Morgan) Six different methods for finding HCF and LCM with discussion of which to teach pupils. Worksheet generators (WorksheetMath) Basic practice sheets:
HCF and LCM Star Matching (Teach It Maths) Pupils match triangles around a pentagon and hexagon to create a star using HCF and LCM; a different twist on basic skills practise. HCF/LCM Bingo (Stephen Peacock via TES) Bingo activity with prepared cards. Number of Factors (Median) A really interesting way to visualise and explore factors and prime factorisation including squares and cubes. Interactive Factor Tree (Math Playground) Nice little flash app for demonstrating use of factor trees to find the product of prime factors. Powers and Roots
Square and Cube Numbers
Use integer powers and associated real roots: square, cube and higher (KS3)
Square numbers? (Crewton Ramone's House of Math) Excellent lesson idea using manipulatives to discover squares. Video demonstrations (via YouTube)
Basic practice (Maths Worksheets 4 Kids) Large selection including squaring fractions, decimals and negatives. Square Numbers (Worksheet Fun) A really nice template for recording square numbers  could be printed on A5 and stuck into books. Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice: Spooky Sequences (Oswego) Find the missing square number in the sequence  a quick game for use on interactive board or independent practice. Transum (Starter of the Day)
Consecutive Squares (Transum) Look for patterns in the difference of squares of two consecutive numbers. If applicable, pupils could prove their result using algebra. Cycling Squares (Magical Maths) Arrange a set of numbers so that each adjoining pair makes a square number. Videobased with solution. Premier League of Square Numbers (311 Maths) Allocate seats at a football stadium in square groups. NRich:
Don Steward:
SMILE Maths (via STEM centre) Collection of resources including some great stuff on square numbers. Integer Indices
Use integer powers and associated real roots (square, cube and higher), recognise powers of 2, 3, 4, 5 (KS3)
Calculate with integer indices (KS4) Index Notation (CIMT) Useful exercises for practising use of index notation for positive integer bases. Integer Indices Codebreaker (The Storeroom) Short puzzle activity to practise using simple laws of indices for integer bases. Master the Basics (The Storeroom) Standard questions for basic practice; can be used as a recap starter, main activity or assessment. Indices FourinaRow (Teach It Maths) Paper version of fourinarow matching game; pupils pair up correct expressions containing indices. Sum of Consecutive Cubes (The Storeroom) Compare the sum of consecutive numbers to the sum of consecutive cubes. Can you find a generalisation? Consecutive Power Sums (The Storeroom) Look for patterns in consecutive powers written as sums. Don Steward
Powers Tarsia Puzzle (fionajones88 via TES) Straightforward puzzle practising simple integer powers. Indices Dominoes (Teach It Maths) Simple applications of multiplication, division and power of a power laws. Working with Roots
Distinguish between exact representations of roots and their decimal approximations (KS3)
Calculate with roots (KS4) Coming soon! Surds and Roots (H)
Estimate powers and roots of any given positive number
Calculate exactly with surds Simplify surd expressions involving squares and rationalise denominators (KS4 Higher only) Basic Practice Worksheets (Worksheet Math) Excellent comprehensive selection of worksheet generators, including all forms of surd simplifications, bracket expansion and three difficulty levels for rationalising the denominator. Quick picks:
Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link / Answers) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification) Fractional Indices (H)
Calculate with fractional indices (KS4 Higher only)
Mental Powers Codebreaker (Teach It Maths) Plenty of practice on all types of indices questions, including brackets, negative and fractional indices  great for a bit of revision. Fractional Indices (Virtual Textbook via National Stem Centre) Interactive Excel spreadsheet with lots of problems and examples on fractional indices; use as examples or as quick problems for pupils to answer. Fractional and negative indices workout (Study Maths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Negative and fractional indices bingo game (Clea Rogers via TES) Challenging bingo game to practice negative and fractional indices. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MA0 specification) Standards Unit N12: Using indices (via Craig Barton) Excellent card match activity using negative and fractional indices, both with numbers and algebraic expressions. Fractional Indices Dominoes (Craig Barton via TES) A challenging dominoes/Tarsia activity with plenty of tricky negative and fractional indices; also appropriate for A Level. Indices package (Susan Wall via National Stem Centre) A selection of great activities aimed at Post16 but relevant for Higher GCSE. Number: Fractions, Decimals and Percentages
Fraction Calculations
Equivalent Fractions and Simplifying Fractions
Recognise and show, using diagrams, families of common equivalent fractions
Use factors and multiples to recognise equivalent fractions and simplify where appropriate (KS2) BLOG Which is Bigger? (The Storeroom) Introducing fractions by discussing how to compare two fractions in great depth. Triplets (Math Playground) Group pairs of equivalent fractions and a representative diagram. Equivalent Fraction Builder (Illuminations) Use diagrams to build families of equivalent fractions. Worksheet generator (MathAids) Basic generator options to pick denominators to make problems easier or more challenging. Catchphrase Equivalent Fractions (Numberloving) Pupils come up with equivalent fractions to those shown to reveal the picture. Equivalent Fractions Frenzy (Math Warehouse) Quick game for revision or use on board with whole class. Finding equivalent fractions (Maths4Life package via Excellence Gateway) Lesson plan for exploring equivalent fractions in the context of money amounts. What fraction am I? (via Craig Barton) Pupils find equivalent fractions using clues  "I am equivalent to ½ . The sum of my numerator and denominator is 15." Eduplace have a worksheet with a similar set of puzzles. Fraction Machine (TES IBoard) Interactive resource requiring pupils to find the missing denominator of an equivalent fraction. Equivalent Fraction Weights Interactive (Teacher Led) An excellent visual representation of equivalent fraction comparisons using weights to show which is larger. Fraction Wall (Visnos) Excellent interactive fraction wall; can be customised to include any fraction. Equivalent Fractions Tarsia (Thomas Pitts via TES) Standard Tarsia puzzle. Equivalent Fractions Snap (Craig Barton via TES) Quick snap game using equivalent fractions. Improper Fractions and Mixed Numbers
Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other (KS2)
BLOG: Teaching improper fractions and mixed numbers (The Storeroom) Blog post about teaching improper and mixed conversions using link cubes and bar modelling. There's Nothing Improper About Them (UEN) Full lesson on improper fractions and mixed numbers using shape manipulatives. Sharing Cakes (via NCETM) Pupils match up words, diagrams and division calculations to explore sharing amounts of cakes between numbers of people. Great for exploring all sorts of themes on fractions, but particularly relevant to mixed and improper. I would now probably adapt this activity in the light of bar modelling to use rectangular objects, such as chocolate bars. Improper fractions codebreaker (Teach It Maths) Brilliant codebreaker requiring pupils to work both ways with mixed and improper conversions. Worksheet generator (MathAids) Basic generator with options to choose denominators to differentiate problems. Fractions puzzles (via Ms Diaz's Class) Some lovely fractions riddles to solve; see pg 14 and 15 for improper fraction and mixed number conversions. Converting between mixed and improper (BBC Skillswise) Quick matching worksheet; students match mixed, improper and the intermediate calculation. Fraction format maze (Worksheet Works) Maze requiring pupils to identify either improper fractions or mixed numbers to find a path from one side to the other. Pupils can then convert their path to the alternative form for a bit of standard practice. Worksheets from greatschools.org Sheet one: Converting improper fractions to mixed numbers. Sheet two: Conversions both ways. Find the Mistake (Ben Cooper via TES) PowerPoint with 10 incorrect questions on improper and mixed conversions; students need to identify the mistake that has been made in each case. This could make a good plenary or quick consolidation/reminder activity. PacMan Improper and Mixed (Sheppard Software) In this PacMan game, the ghosts have improper fractions written on them. The player has to eat the fractions in order according to the mixed number shown on the bottom. Could be nice for a bit of computer room work or independent practice. Improper to Mixed Fraction Tool (TES IBoard) Quick interactive on converting improper fractions to mixed numbers by extracting one unit (whole) at a time. Fractions ITP (Primary National Strategies) A really useful interactive resource for all work on fractions. Improper and Mixed Matching Cards (JamesCMartin via TES) Simple set of improper fractions and mixed numbers matching cards for a quick card sort activity. Improper and Mixed Tarsia (chuckieirish via TES) A couple of Tarsia puzzles practising improper and mixed conversion. WARNING: One of the answers is wrong and will need changing using the Tarsia software before printing the puzzle (see comments on TES). Fractions of Amounts
Recognise, find and write fractions of a discrete set of objects (KS2)
Interpret fractions as operators (KS3) 13 ways of looking at a half (PBS Kids) Interactive/game investigation which offers a nice route into looking at fractions of amounts. Swite (via TES) has some excellent supporting resources to turn this into a wholeclass activity. Thinking blocks  Fractions (Math Playground) Interactive contextbased problems using bar modelling to find fractions of amounts. Find a fraction of a quantity  Prezi (P. Mattock) Full lesson with some great worked examples and problems using bar modelling. Fractions of amounts using a bar diagram YouTube tutorial (C. Norledge) Video tutorial with examples, Arithmetic: Fractions (CIMT) See Section 10.1 for shading fractions and Section 10.3 for fractions of amounts. Fractions of amounts maze (clangercrazy via TES) Fractions of amounts problems differentiated three ways; students solve problems to find a path through the maze. Basic practice worksheet (Worksheet Math) Excellent worksheet generator with options to select unit numerator or any numerator. Fractions of amounts worksheet bundle (duncant01 via TES) Good collection of fraction of amounts problems, including worded/contextbased questions. Worksheet collection (greatschools.org)
Fractions Spider (Flash Maths) Infinite generating starter to practise finding fractions of amounts. Fractions dartboard (Topmarks) This interactive generates more problems than you'll ever need on fractions of amounts, and could be done in books, verbally or on miniwhiteboards. The site also has a bingobased game which could be used in a similar way. KESH Maths Takeaway (Link) GCSE practice problems booklet (N.B. 1MAo specification) BBC Skillswise:
Fractangle (Transum) Complicatedlooking problems with a quick, easy solution. Don Steward:
NRich
Fractions, fractions, fractions (Solve my Maths) Large collection of fraction activities, most differentiated three ways. Adding and Subtracting Fractions
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers, all both positive and negative (KS3)
Teaching adding and subtracting fractions (Part 1 / Part 2 from The Storeroom) My approach to adding and subtracting fractions using bar modelling. Adding and subtracting with bar models  worth sticking with (Peter Mattock) Peter's experiences using bar modelling to add and subtract fractions  this one's definitely worth a read! Adding fractions inquiry (via Inquiry Maths) Using number lines and unit fractions to explore fraction addition. Examples  Adding fractions using a bar (C. Norledge) Examples for display/discussion on whiteboard. Adding and subtracting fractions bar (Active Maths) A lovely little interactive to assist with bar modelling of fractions. Requires small subscription. Don Steward:
NRich
BLOG: Maths Puzzles Galore (The Storeroom) Links to a few lovely activities  these can be more interesting and motivating than a standard worksheet. Adding fractions starter activity (Eugene Smith via TES) A superb puzzle to practice adding fractions  gets a good response every time I use it. Magic squares with fractions (TeachIt Maths) Magic square activities to practice adding and subtracting fractions and mixed numbers. Worksheet collection (Maths Drills):
Worksheet generators (Worksheet Math) Basic practice sheets with options to choose difficulty level of denominators: Worksheet collection (greatschools.org)
Master the Basics (C. Norledge) Sets of basic questions optimised for whiteboard display; quick alternative to textbooks. Find the mistakes (C. Norledge) Get pupils to identify and correct mistakes in a fraction addition problem. Works well as a plenarytype activity or short assessment. Workouts (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Fraction Pattern Add One / Two / Three (Don Steward) Standard problems with a pattern. Closest to 1 (C. Norledge) Use a combination of fraction additions to make a calculation as close to 1 as possible. Has scope for further extension. Why not add tops and bottoms (Craig Barton via TES) Problem and demo reinforcing the idea that you don't just add the tops and bottoms of fractions. Adding fractions interactive (Math Playground) Selfchecking programme which generates questions on adding fractions. Spreadsheet generator (dwatson802 via TES) Infinite selfchecking question generator in the form of an Excel spreadsheet. Fractions jigsaw (NRich) Nice little jigsaw puzzle in a similar vein to Tarsia; uses simple denominators so good for pupils who are just beginning to add and subtract fractions. Adding and subtracting fractions Tarsia (Craig Barton via TES) Comprehensive Tarsia puzzle for addition and subtraction of fractions; includes a mixture of like denominators, unlike denominators and some mixed number answers. Adding fractions mystery (C. Norledge) This is based on an adding fractions mystery from Numberloving  I had to change the numbers as the original was too challenging for my class. Multiplying and Dividing Fractions
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to proper and improper fractions and mixed numbers, all both positive and negative (KS3)
Fractions ITP (Primary National Strategy) Excellent for all fractions work to support use of bar modelling; particularly good for creating visual models for division. Fraction Multiplication Excel Interactive (NRich) Bar model interactive for multiplying two proper fractions. BLOG: Maths puzzles galore (The Storeroom) Links to a few lovely activities  these can be more interesting and motivating than a standard worksheet. Fractions maze (danwalker via TES) Brilliant maze activity with all four operations using fractions, including mixed numbers. The PowerPoint also includes some wrong answer problems for pupils to correct, and a blank template so pupils can construct their own mazes. Worksheet generators (Worksheet Math) Basic practice sheets with options to choose difficulty level of denominators: Multiplying fractions (greatschools.org) Basic practice worksheet. Fraction Calculation Interactives (Multiplication / Division via Math Playground) Selfchecking programme which generates questions on adding fractions. Decimals and Fractions
Ordering and Comparing Fractions and Decimals
Order decimals and fractions (KS3)
Work interchangeably with terminating decimals and their corresponding fractions (KS3) Which Is Bigger? (The Storeroom) Blog post about one of my favourite activities  I do this to introduce work on equivalent fractions, then return to similar problems to introduce use of inequality symbols between the fractions. Comparing and Ordering Fractions and Decimals (The Storeroom) Blog post about a full set of lessons based on Standards Unit card sort N1 Ordering Fractions and Decimals. Comparing fractions worksheet (Math Aids) Worksheet generator for comparing two fractions; pupils use a common denominator to compare fractions, then insert the correct inequality symbol. Allows you to select denominators to change difficulty of problems. Worksheet collections (greatschools.org)  converting between fractions and decimals
Worksheet collections (greatschools.org)  comparing and ordering decimals
Don Steward
Fraction Order (Transum) Drag and drop to order common fractions and decimals. There is also a pupil version with three levels of activity which would also work as a wholeclass starter. Farey Sequences (NRich) A lovely bit of pure maths related to sequences of ordered fractions. Fractions on a Number Line (BGfL) Interactive requiring pupils to place fractions on a number line using common denominators to compare; whole class activity or independent practice on computers. Ordering Fractions Interactive (Top Marks) Drag and drop activity; places fractions in height order, which is great for reinforcing ascending/descending vocabulary. Comparing Fractions SelfChecker (Math Playground) A selfchecking interactive which generates questions on comparing fractions using inequality symbols. Could be used independently by pupils or to generate examples for discussion for the whole class. Four operations with Decimals
Use the four operations, including formal written methods, applied to decimals KS3)
Decimal magic square worksheet generator (WorksheetWorks) Practising decimal addition with magic squares. Division of threedigit decimals (greatschools.org) Basic practice dividing decimal by whole number. Dividing decimals workout (StudyMaths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice:Coming soon! Recurring Decimals (H)
Change recurring decimals into their corresponding fractions and vice versa (KS4 Higher only)
Recurring Decimals (Median) Some interesting representations of the recurring patterns of sevenths. 998,001 and its mysterious recurring decimals (Numberphile) Ten minute video clip about what happens when you divide 1 by 998,001, with some very interesting result Percentages
Fractions, Decimals and Percentages
Define percentage as ‘number of parts per hundred’
Interpret percentages as a fraction or a decimal (KS3) FDP conversions crossnumber (C. Norledge) Crossnumber puzzle with a mixture of all fraction, decimal and percentage conversions. FSMA Fractions, decimals and percentages (Nuffield) Collection of worksheets with a variety of activities for converting between fractions, decimals and percentages. Fractions, decimals and percentages Cookie Monster (dannytheref via TES) Nice little odd one out activity, great for a starter/plenary or quick revision. Why compare fractions and percentages? (BBC Skillswise) Short clip looking at reallife examples of the importance of fraction and percentage conversions. FDP jigsaws (@surreallyno via Twitter) A cute little idea for creating FDP jigsaws. Percentage, fraction, decimal grid (Visnos) Wellanimated tool for looking at equivalence of fractions, decimals and percentages. TES IBoard has a similar interactive which also asks questions. FDP card sort (Stacy Brookes) Simple match cards with fractions (unsimplified and simplified), decimals and percentages. Writing and Comparing Percentages
Express one quantity as a percentage of another
Compare two quantities using percentages (KS3) Converting fractions to percentages using a ratio table (The Storeroom) Blog post about a quick method that my pupils have found very useful for writing percentages without a calculator. Why compare fractions and percentages? (BBC Skillswise) Short clip looking at reallife examples of the importance of fraction and percentage conversions. Percentages of Amounts
Interpret percentages as operators (KS3)
From bar modelling to ratio tables  tidying up percentage calculation (The Storeroom) Blog post describing my ideas about progression from bar modelling to ratio tables for efficient calculations. Active Maths worksheets (Subscription needed) These are great for basic practice, with lots of options to choose which percentages appear on the worksheets.
Basic practice worksheets (Worksheet Math) Excellent customisable worksheet generator with answers: Worksheets from greatschools.org Percentage spider (Flash Maths) Quick starter finding a variety of percentages of amounts; infinite generator. Could also work very nicely for reverse percentages. Starter of the Day (Transum)
Percentages of amounts (BBC Skillswise) Three percentage problems with stepbystep solutions; pupils have to order the solutions for each problem. Why learn about percentages? (BBC Skillwise) Oneminute clip with reallife examples of percentage calculations. Percentages of amounts fantastic trail (whidds via TES) Comprehensive lesson on percentages of amounts, including a differentiated trail/treasure hunt. Percentage Bar (NZ Maths) Brilliant interactive percentage bar with problems to solve. See the Teacher's Notes for suggestions for use. Percentage Increase and Decrease
Interpret percentage changes as a fraction or a decimal
Work with percentages greater than 100% Solve problems involving percentage increase and decrease (KS3) Basic practice worksheets (Worksheet Math) Excellent customisable worksheet generator with answers: Percentage increase and decrease treasure hunt (skimble38 via TES) Good treasure hunt activity, but does include some reverse percentages  probably best for revision at the end of a unit on percentages. 3 Act Maths Duelling discounts (Dan Meyer) Pupils solve a variety of problems choosing a percentage discount or fixed discount. Discount and sales tax (Fawn Nguyen) Shopping contest activity; pupils pick items from a superstore's online catalogue to get the closest to $500, including calculation of percentage discounts and tax. Needs a little adapting for a UK setting. One percentage increase followed by another (Don Steward) Pupils find a single percentage increase to represent a double change. Percentage Growth, Decay and Compound Interest
Solve problems involving percentage change, including simple interest in financial mathematics (KS3)
Set up, solve and interpret the answers in growth and decay problems, including compound interest (KS4) Savings and interest resources (Nuffield FSMA) Worksheetbased lesson looking at developing use of percentage multipliers for compound interest calculations; pupils calculate the amount of money in an account after one year, then five years, which develops nicely into the "standard" formula. Three act maths  Fry's bank account (Dan Meyer) Activity based on a clip from Futurama; pupils calculate the amount of money in Fry's bank account after 1000 years. Simple and compound interest cards (jlcaseyuk via TES) A selection of bank account information cards; takes a little work to turn this into a proper lesson. Algebra: Basic Skills
Algebraic Manipulation
Writing Expressions Using Algebra
Use and interpret algebraic notation (KS3)
Understand and use the concepts and vocabulary of expressions, equations, inequalities, terms and factors (KS3) Know the difference between an equation and an identity (KS4) Translate simple situations or procedures into algebraic expressions or formulae (KS4) Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions, including those involving surds (KS4) Argue mathematically to show algebraic expressions are equivalent, and use algebra to support and construct arguments (KS4) Lesson: Expressions using algebra tiles (C. Norledge) Linking algebraic expressions, words and pictorial representations  developed using algebra tiles and these matching cards from Tim Buckton. Standards Unit A1: Interpreting algebraic expressions (via Craig Barton) A fantastic cardsorting activity from the Standards box; pupils match expressions in words and algebra, then extend to diagram representations and eventually to substitution tables. There's more than enough for one lesson here, and I'd recommend revisiting this a few times while teaching algebra. Algebraic areas (Owen134866 via TES) Pupils write algebraic expressions to represent the area of compound shapes. Fully resourced lesson with PowerPoint and worksheet, very engaging with scope for extension. Basic algebra worksheet (MsFattouh via TES) Decent basic practice worksheet on simplifying straightforward algebraic expressions using correct notation. Forming algebraic expressions for perimeter (mej via TES) Set of three differentiated worksheets to practise writing algebraic expressions for the perimeter of 2D shapes. Matchup activities (C. Norledge)
Writing algebraic expressions from contexts (C. Norledge):
Transum
Flash Maths
Perimeter expressions (NRich) Writing algebraic expressions for perimeter using a piece of A4 paper. Algebraic symbolism (QUIA) Interactive repeated generator for matching word statements to algebraic notation. Some challenging vocabulary used; consider literacy level of group before using. Algebraic expressions foldable (Equation Freak) Templates for creating an algebraic expressions foldable for exercise books. Multiplying algebraic terms treasure hunt (NumberLoving) Includes an "orange" path with simple questions such as 3a x 2b, and a "green" path with more complicated problems. This could also be done in groups around a desk rather than a hunt around the room. Area and perimeter with algebra (denningh via TES) Beautifully presented cardbased activity with perimeter and area of rectangle problems. Also includes a challenge sheet with compound shapes and shapes based on circles. Plenty to challenge even higherattaining pupils! Area and algebra rally coach (judsonB via TES) Two Rally Coach activities for grades D/C and B/A at GCSE. Not used Rally Coach before? Read my blog post to find out more Simplifying Algebraic Expressions
Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions to maintain equivalence by collecting like terms (KS3)
Cutting and pasting to combine like terms (Math Equals Love) Students cut out and physically group like terms, requiring appreciation that the sign "belongs" to the term to the right of it. KS3 Strategy study module (LancsNGFL) Contains some nice ideas and resources for teaching collecting like terms. Increasingly Difficult Exercises (@taylorda01) Level of difficulty increases rapidly as pupils work through problems. Variation theory problems (Craig Barton) Worked example and set of practice problems using variation theory. Algebra pyramids
Collecting like terms (TeachingMaths_ via TES) Selection of worksheetbased resources and a couple of matching/cardsorting activities. Textbook exercises
Collecting like terms workout (Study Maths) Question generator  good for basic repeated practice. Examstyle questions
Don Steward
Collecting like terms bingo (InteractiveMaths) Bingo generator with different levels of difficulty. Expanding and Factorising Single Brackets
Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions to maintain equivalence by multiplying a single term over a bracket or by taking out common factors (KS3)
Factorising linear expressions using algebra tiles (C. Norledge) Blog post and lesson resources for introducing factorising using algebra tiles; this is my favourite way to introduce this topic, and really emphasises the idea of factorising as grouping. Basic practice worksheets (Worksheet Math) Worksheet generator with lots of options, including:
Collect a joke Factorising single bracket (Numberloving) Brilliant way to jazz up basic practice, with a selection of fairly challenging factorising problem. Expanding and simplifying brackets workout (Study Maths) Question generator for quick practice; expanding two brackets and simplifying results. Don Steward
Single Brackets Package (TeachingMaths_ via TES) Collection of resources for (mostly) expanding single brackets; includes a worksheet to support use of grid method, a dominoes activity, matching pairs and spot the mistake activity  definitely check this out! Expanding Brackets Resources (Miss Brookes Maths) A huge collection of links to plenty of resources for expanding single brackets. Expanding single brackets treasure hunt (Teach It Maths) Treasure hunt activity with a hidden message; stick round the room or do in pairs/small groups on tables. Expand and simplify matching pairs (Great Maths Teaching Ideas) Quick card sort; pupils expand and simplify brackets to make matching pairs. Some nice tricky problems on here! Factorising pair game (ems21 via TES) Nice game to play in pairs to practise expanding brackets. Requires two different coloured dice and game board per pair. Laws of Indices
Simplify expressions involving sums, products and powers, including the laws of indices (KS4)
Jo Morgan (Resourceaholic): Some fantastic ideas and resources for planning and teaching lessons on indices. Rules of indices introduction worksheet (Labrown20 via TES) Nice little worksheet to introduce the laws of indices; pupils do the calculations, then try to spot the laws for themselves. Includes multiplying, dividing and brackets, with an extension using coefficients. Variation theory problems (Craig Barton) Worked example and set of practice problems using variation theory. Basic practice worksheets (Worksheet Math) Excellent worksheet generator with options to select numerical, algebraic or a mixture of problems, and automatic answer generation:
Textbook exercises
Simplifying indices codebreaker (Teachit Maths) Codebreaker activity using all laws of indices. Includes negative powers, with two versions (one with indices written as simple negatives, one with indices written as fractions). Laws of indices worksheet (HWB via TES) Nicely formatted standard worksheet for basic laws of indices. Examstyle questions
Indices Dominoes (Teachit Maths) Domino activity that spells a sentence when matched correctly; great for practice of simple index laws (multiplication, division and brackets). Algebraic Fractions
Simplify and manipulate algebraic fractions (KS4 Higher only)
Coming soon! Proof (H)
Use algebra to support and construct proofs (KS4 Higher only)
Coming soon! Quadratic Expressions
Expanding Quadratics and other Binomials
Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions to maintain equivalence by expanding products of two or more binomials (KS3)
Basic practice worksheet (Worksheet Math) Worksheet generator with options to select sign variations of coefficients. Factorising Quadratics (A = 1)
Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions by factorising quadratic expressions of the form x² + bx + c, including the difference of two squares (KS4)
Factorising double brackets (Worksheet Math) Worksheet generator with options to select sign variations of coefficients. Sum Products (Flash Maths) Use in reverse  give pupils the sum and product and see if they can work out what the missing numbers are. Two Numbers (Transum): Quick starter similar to the activity above. Factorising Quadratics (A not 1) (H)
Simplify and manipulate algebraic expressions by factorising quadratic expressions of the form ax² + bx + c, including the difference of two squares (KS4 Higher only)
Factorising harder quadratics (Jo Morgan) A good read with lots of ideas for different ways to teach factorising more difficult quadratics. Cross method for factorising tricky quadratics (The Storeroom) Some thoughts about using the cross method to organise working out when factorising more difficult quadratics. Don Steward:
Completing the Square
Using algebra tiles:
Practise the basics activities:
Don Steward:
Tricks and Tips: Quadratics (Jo Morgan) Four methods for finding the turning point of a quadratic  have a look at the symmetry method (#4) for an alternative approach for those pupils struggling with completing the square. Standards C1 Linking properties and forms of quadratic graphs (via Craig Barton) This is in the A Level section (and I use it every year when teaching Core 1), but is a great card sort linking all forms of quadratics, and particularly encouraging pupils to see the link between completing the square and finding the turning points of quadratic graphs. Completing the square (Kate Nowak) Teaching completing the square by spotting patterns in complete squares. Proof without words (Illuminations) Interactive demonstration of completing the square. Completing the square (Worksheet Math) Standard worksheet generator with answers. Completing the square worksheet (phildb via TES) Standard worksheet with decent variety of problems. Completing the square differentiated question cards (headofslytherin via TES) Tagged as an ALevel Core 1 revision resource, but contains some excellent completing the square problems. Completing the square codebreaker (alutwyche via TES) Excellent codebreaker activity requiring pupils to solve quadratic equations by completing the square; includes some questions requiring rearrangement. CIMT exercises (Link) Textbook chapter on quadratics; see pg1314 for exercises on completing the square, including contextbased problems. Workout (Study Maths) Question generator for simple CTS problems  good for basic repeated practice. Examstyle questions (Corbett Maths) Revision booklet with examstyle questions (1MAO) on completing the square. There's also a workout sheet available. 101 uses of a quadratic equation (PlusMaths) Article detailing the importance of quadratic equations. Completing the square dominoes (Teachit Maths) Domino loop; pupils match quadratic with completed square. Minimum/maximum points card match activity (Nuffield) Match quadratic, completed square and graph; challenging activity which should stretch even the highest achievers! Completing the square calculator (Wolfram Alpha) Useful for checking answers when creating resources or for pupils to check independent work. Geogebra demonstration (Link) Visual demonstration of standard completing the square formula. Substitution and Formulae
Substitution
Substitute numerical values into formulae and expressions, including scientific formulae (KS3)
Elementary substitution shadeout grid (alexwoodforth1 via TES) Great puzzle for basic practice; includes a mixture of negatives and power calculations. Algebra Substitution Interactive (via Teacher Led) Lovely little activity practising simple substitution; includes use of Bidmas and fraction notation. Can be reused by changing the value that pupils need to substitute in. Substitution Grids (Flash Maths) Infinite question generator with options to allow negatives and fractions  great with miniwhiteboards or for quick skills practice. Substituting into formulae crime scene (annah03 via TES) Excellent murder mystery activity using formulae for area, BMI, Fahrenheit to Celsius conversion and speed. Getting pupils to write and then mark each other's crime scene report using the school's literacy marking policy is a great way of getting a bit of crosscurricular literacy into the lesson as well. Substitution package (TeachingMaths_ via TES) Nice collection of resources, including three fourinarow games and some simple worksheets. Formulae
Understand and use standard mathematical formulae (KS3)
Translate simple situations or procedures into algebraic expressions or formulae (KS4) Coming soon! Changing the Subject of a Formula
Rearrange formulae to change the subject (KS3)
Preparation for A Level Booklet (Aquinas Maths Dept) Good examples and worksheets. Rearranging Real Life Equations (ABCWpresents via TES) Superb resource with a complete AZ of reallife and mostly realistic rearrangement problems. Grouping Formulae by Changing the Subject (TeachIt Maths) Group the cards by finding the four arrangements of each formula. There are eight in total, including fractions and square roots. Algebra: Equations and Inequalities
Linear Equations and Inequalities
Solving twostep linear equations Use algebraic methods to solve linear equations in one variable including all forms that require rearrangement (KS3) Derive an equation, solve the equation and interpret the solution (KS4) Equations with brackets and unknowns both sides Use algebraic methods to solve linear equations in one variable including all forms that require rearrangement (KS3) Representing and solving linear inequalities Solve linear inequalities in one variable (KS4) Represent the solution set on a number line (KS4) Simultaneous Equations
Simultaneous equations (two linear) Solve two linear simultaneous equations in two variables (KS4) Find approximate solutions using a graph (KS4) Derive two simultaneous equations, solve the equations and interpret the solution (KS4) Further simultaneous equations Solve two simultaneous equations, one linear and one quadratic, in two variables (KS4) Solve linear inequalities in two variables Quadratic Equations and Inequalities
Solving quadratic equations by factorising Solve quadratic equations algebraically by factorising (KS4) Quadratics using the formula or completing the square (H) Solve quadratic equations, including those that require rearrangement, by completing the square and by using the quadratic formula (KS4 Higher only) Solving quadratic inequalities (H) Solve quadratic inequalities in one variable (KS4 Higher only) Represent the solution set on a number line, using set notation and on a graph (KS4 Higher only) Iteration
Iteration Find approximate solutions to equations numerically using iteration (KS4 Higher only) Algebra: Sequences, Functions and Graphs
Coordinates
Coordinates Work with coordinates in all four quadrants (KS3) Linear Graphs
Drawing linear graphs Recognise, sketch and produce graphs of linear functions of one variable with appropriate scaling, using equations in x and y and the Cartesian plane (KS3) Interpreting and using linear graphs Reduce a given linear equation in two variables to the standard form y = mx + c (KS3) Calculate and interpret gradients and intercepts of graphs of such linear equations numerically, graphically and algebraically (KS3) Use linear graphs to estimate values of y for given values of x (KS3) Equation of a line and parallel lines Use the form y = mx + c to identify parallel lines Find the equation of the line through two given points, or through one point with a given gradient Perpendicular lines (H) Use the form y = mx + c to identify perpendicular lines (KS4 Higher only) Graphs of inequalities (H) Solve linear inequalities in one or two variables Represent the solution set using set notation and on a graph (KS4 Higher only) NonLinear Graphs
Quadratic graphs Recognise, sketch and produce graphs of quadratic functions (KS3) Use quadratic graphs to estimate values and to find approximate solutions of simultaneous linear equations (KS3) Identify and interpret roots, intercepts and turning points of quadratic functions graphically (KS4) Cubic and reciprocal graphs Exponential graphs (H) Recognise, sketch & interpret graphs of exponential function y = k^x for positive values of k Plot & interpret exponential graphs in real contexts to find approximate solutions to problems (Both KS4 Higher only) Trigonometric graphs (H) Recognise, sketch and interpret graphs of the trigonometric functions y = sin x, y = cos x and y = tan x for angles of any size (KS4 Higher only) Transformation of graphs (H) Sketch translations and reflections of the graph of a given function (KS4 Higher only) Equation of a circle (H) Recognise and use the equation of a circle with centre at the origin (KS4 Higher only) Find the equation of a tangent to a circle at a given point (KS4 Higher only) Real Life Graphs
Graphs from reallife contexts Find approximate solutions to contextual problems from given graphs of a variety of functions, including piecewise linear, exponential and reciprocal graphs (KS3) Plot and interpret graphs (including reciprocal graphs) and graphs of nonstandard functions in real contexts, to find approximate solutions to problems (KS4) Distancetime and speedtime graphs Plot and interpret graphs to find approximate solutions to simple kinematic problems involving distance, speed and acceleration (KS4) Gradients and areas (H) Calculate or estimate gradients of graphs and areas under graphs (including quadratic and other nonlinear graphs), and interpret results in cases such as distancetime graphs, velocitytime graphs and graphs in financial contexts (KS4 Higher) Sequences and Functions
Linear sequences Generate terms of a sequence from either a termtoterm or a positiontoterm rule (KS3) Recognise arithmetic sequences and find the nth term (KS3) Recognising other sequences Recognise geometric and other sequences (KS3) Recognise and use sequences of triangular, square and cube numbers, Fibonacci type sequences, quadratic sequences, and simple geometric progressions where n is an integer, and r is a positive rational number (KS4) Nth term of a quadratic sequence (H) Deduce expressions to calculate the nth term of quadratic sequences (KS4 Higher only) Geometric progressions with surds (H) Recognise and use simple geometric progressions where n is an integer, and r is a surd (KS4 Higher only) Simple functions Where appropriate, interpret simple expressions as functions with inputs and outputs (KS4) Inverse and composite functions Interpret the reverse process as the ‘inverse function’ Interpret the succession of two functions as a ‘composite function’ (KS4 Higher only) Proportion, ratio and Rates of Change
Proportion
Simple direct proportion Solve problems involving direct proportion, including graphical and algebraic representations (KS3) Simple inverse proportion Solve problems involving inverse proportion, including graphical and algebraic representations (KS3) Interpreting proportion equations Understand that X is inversely proportional to Y is equivalent to X is proportional to 1/Y Interpret equations that describe direct and inverse proportion (KS4) Constructing proportion equations Construct equations that describe direct and inverse proportion (KS4 Higher only) Proportion graphs Interpret the gradient of a straight line graph as a rate of change Recognise and interpret graphs that illustrate direct and inverse proportion (KS4) Instantaneous and average rates of change Interpret the gradient at a point on a curve as the instantaneous rate of change; apply the concepts of instantaneous and average rate of change (gradients of tangents and chords) in numerical, algebraic and graphical contexts (KS4 Higher only) Ratio
Working with ratio Use ratio notation, including reduction to simplest form Divide a given quantity into two parts in a given part:part or part:whole ratio Express the division of a quantity into two parts as a ratio (KS3) Ratios and fractions Understand that a multiplicative relationship between two quantities can be expressed as a ratio or a fraction Relate the language of ratios and the associated calculations to the arithmetic of fractions and to linear functions Identify and work with fractions in ratio problems (KS4) Shape: Calculations and Measures
Units, Measurements and Drawings
Standard units of measurement Use standard units of mass, length, time, money and other measures, including with decimal quantities Change freely between related standard units, such as time, length, area, volume/capacity, mass (KS3) Compound measures Use compound units such as speed, unit pricing and density to solve problems (KS3) Convert between related compound units (speed, rates of pay, prices, density, pressure) in numerical and algebraic contexts (KS4) Scale drawings and bearings Use scale factors, scale diagrams and maps (KS3) Draw and measure line segments and angles in geometric figures, including interpreting scale drawings (KS3) Interpret and use bearings (KS4) Area And Volume
Area of rectangles, triangles & parallelograms Derive and apply formulae to calculate and solve problems involving perimeter and area of triangles and parallelograms (KS3) Area of trapezia and compound shapes Derive and apply formulae to calculate the area of trapezia Calculate and solve problems involving areas of composite shapes (KS3) Volume of cuboids and simple prisms Derive and apply formulae to calculate and solve problems involving volume of cuboids (including cubes) and other prisms (KS3) Circumference and area of circles Calculate and solve problems involving perimeters of circles, areas of circles and composite shapes (KS3) Arc length and area of a sector Calculate arc lengths, angles and areas of sectors of circles (KS4) Volume and surface area of cylinders Derive and apply formulae to calculate and solve problems involving volume of cylinders Use the properties of faces and surfaces of cylinders to solve problems in 3D (KS3) Volume of cones, spheres and pyramids Calculate surface areas and volumes of spheres, pyramids, cones and composite solids (KS4) Surface area of cones, spheres and pyramids Calculate surface areas and volumes of spheres, pyramids, cones and composite solids (KS4) Pythagoras and Trigonometry
Pythagoras’ theorem Use Pythagoras’ Theorem to solve problems involving rightangled triangles (KS3) Apply Pythagoras’ Theorem to find lengths in rightangled triangles and in twodimensional figures (KS4) Trigonometry in rightangled triangles Use trigonometric ratios in similar triangles to solve problems involving rightangled triangles (KS3) Apply trigonometric ratios to find angles and lengths in rightangled triangles and in twodimensional figures (KS4) Exact trigonometric values Know the exact values of sin θ cos θ and tan θ for θ = 0, 30, 45, 60, 90 degrees (KS4) Pythagoras and trigonometry in 3D Apply Pythagoras’ Theorem and trigonometric ratios to find angles and lengths in rightangled triangles (and, where possible, general triangles) in three dimensional figures (KS4 Higher only) Sine and cosine rules (H) Know and apply the sine rule and cosine rule to find unknown lengths and angles (KS4 Higher only) Area of triangle using 1/2 ab sin C (H) Know and apply area = 1/2 ab sin C to calculate the area, sides or angles of any triangle (KS4 Higher only) Shape: Properties and Constructions
